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Most bees are delivered in the spring for new hives. I have always used the standard hive which consists of (for me)
cleared ground and a pallet for starters. Then I put the bottom board facing toward the morning sun. For here in Oregon
I use a cedar bottom board with with a screen and I only leave about 2 inches of clearance for the bees to fly out of
….hopefully keeping them in there new home!
The next part of a hive is the bottom super or box. You buy the parts needed and usually it is a about a 20 inches long
by 16 inches wide by about 9 1/2 inches high. These do come pre cut and all you need to do is put them together.They are
usually made of fir, pine or cedar boards. The frames that go into are also made of wood (usually) and have a wire wax
insert. These are for the breeding and the new bee’s that are born.
The next 2 to 3 supers are for the actual honey producing area. The only difference between these two supers is about
3 inches of height! Now you put on as many as 3 or 4 of these supers because you need to leave at least two for the bees
to eat during the winter.
This is one of the most popular questions I get. How to make money from home so you can homestead or prep more or just feel safer in general. There are several ways, some of which I use myself, some that make minimal money and some that can make exponentially more. Let’s get started.
-Start a home business. I personally own a soap business (www.alchemysoapworks.com). In this day in age, just about anyone can start an online business from selling products like I do, to providing consulting, making websites or writing.
-Sell on ebay, etsy or craigslist. Many people have things laying around that they no longer need but don’t necessarily want to get rid of. Why not make a little bit of extra money for your clutter? I have a friend that sells her children’s outgrown clothes by the bag online and she makes a killing.
-Maintenance. mow lawns, shovel snow, paint houses, whatever you can. This may seem juvenile but you can really make quite a bit of money helping out elderly neighbors or people with young kids that don’t have the time themselves.
-Pet sitting. Like animals? You can offer your services as a pet sitter on websites such as craigslist but it will look much more professional to design a website. Put up signs in pet stores, at your vet and in grocery stores in your area.
-Metal scrapping. In my city, several people drive around on garbage days, taking metal objects out of the trash, this may or may not be legal where you are so be careful, and please don’t steal, but scrap metal can pull in quite a bit of extra funds. Don’t want to drive around? Place a free ad online or in your local paper for free junk metal removal
-Online surveys. This is something I’ve been doing for years. You do have to be careful as some survey companies are pretty shifty but once you find the good ones, stick with them and build up your points. Most survey companies pay out via cheque or PayPal. I generally make a couple hundred dollars a year and cash out around the winter holidays. Not much, I know, but if you’re online anyways, its not a bad way to kill some time.
Have something that works for you? Be sure to share it in the comments!
Its 2 a.m. you hear glass breaking. Seconds later you hear a thud down stairs. You live in a nice neighborhood, you have a brick two story house where yourself, your wife and 8 year old. On this night your 8 year old is staying the night at your parents. Your mind begins racing, where is my gun, where is a flashlight, where is my phone, where is the kid? All these questions run through your head within seconds. What do you?
In this situation you have two options. Everyone is secure in your room where you are armed. You can either barricade yourself in your room, call the police, and let them clear your house arresting any burglars. Or you can leave the safety of your room and clear your house by yourself.
Which would you do?
For more from GunPreparedness, you can visit the site at www.gunpreparedness.com
A few weeks ago I read a post on Survival Blog called OPSEC and the Dangers of People You Thought were Like-Minded by a prepper who was just shocked to find that a couple of people he knew were planning on becoming vicious criminals after any long term TEOTWAWKI scenario. Since he knew these so-called friends for more than a decade he was surprised to say the least.
Obviously we feel for him but if you read between the lines you can see that the real problem isn’t his friend’s attitudes but his inability to recognize that they had them in the first place. He didn’t really know his friends and like many people raised in our increasingly narcissistic society he projected his thoughts and beliefs onto them. For many young people other people are seen as reflections of themselves and they have been robbed of the ability to “size people up” for lack of a better word.
I grew up in a bad neighborhood and lived for a while in NYC so I learned how to size people up the hard way. Unfortunately it is a skill like any other that you learn from practice and experience; there’s no book you can read or course you can take to learn to quickly and correctly take the measure of a man. Once you’ve developed this skill it’s often a subconscious process in that you’ll just “know” someone is no good without having to think about it, thus it’s very hard to describe exactly what kinds of things you’re looking for. However here are some general tips I can give you to help you start sizing people up before you end up in a situation like our poor prepping brother mentioned above:
1) Start thinking about people as more than extensions of yourself: We tend to see people through the filter of our experience with them. But a person isn’t just your friend from work or a fellow prepper – they have lives away from you. This seems like common sense but our culture has encouraged people to see others the way toddlers see others, disappearing from existence when they’re outside of our sight. When we see people as little more than characters in the theater of our lives we tend to project our characteristics onto those people to fill in the gaps of what we don’t know about them. Wonder about what people you know do when you’re not around, and you’ll find yourself driven to find out before you and your family sitting around a survival retreat with them.
2) Look at how people conduct themselves with others: Friends and family often overlook the peculiarities of a person’s behavior because “that’s just so and so being so and so” as they say. But look at a person objectively, like you don’t have a history with them. Do they come off petty and bigoted? Are they rude? Do they use drugs? Are they barflies? We tend to forgive people we know and like for what the outside observer would recognize serious character flaws. But petty people don’t become less petty during emergencies and even the mildest illegal drug user, the gentle pot smoking hippy for example, has contact with more hardened criminals which can lead to disaster when law and order breaks down. How people conduct themselves now is an indicator of how they will conduct themselves in emergencies. More importantly their opinions of others and how they interact with other people besides those they “need”, like friends and family will reveal their moral fiber or lack thereof.
3) Learn the difference between being likeable and being a decent person: The poster at Survival Blog made this mistake and we all do. There are lots of reasons we may like a person. We might find them attractive or they make us laugh or for preppers it might be because we share an interest. None of those things matter. Take a good hard look at your friend and objectively evaluate whether or not they live up to a reasonable moral standard. If you’re having trouble being objective use the grandma’ test – would you tell your grandma that you were living the life they were? Simplistic but if the answer is no chances are your friend is not a decent person no matter how much you like them. Alternatively you could use the old would you let them date your sister/daughter test. If the answer is no they can’t be trusted after SHTF.
4) Learn to be suspicious: We’re taught to take people at their word not because it’s good practice but because it’s impolite to call people a liar. I’m not advocating that you call people liars; just that you understand everyone lies. How many lies have you told this year? A lot no doubt when you include “little white lies” and your so-called friend is no different. You are not a human lie detector and despite what books and television would have you believe there is no “tell” for lying that is 100% accurate. Do your homework on people who you are letting in your life. Court records are online so at least eliminate the possibility that your new friend you are thinking about into your M.A.G. is a tier three sex offender who was caught making child porn. And learn to analyze the information people provide you. That person who was divorced three times can claim it was always the other person at fault but does that make sense to you?
Once you get the hang of catching onto lies what’s important is not the lie but what people lie about. Everyone lies to save face or spare someone’s feelings, but decent people don’t lie to gain your trust or make themselves out to be someone they’re not. For example catching a person claiming they left their job when they got fired may or may not be a big deal, but people pretending they are combat veterans when they aren’t should set off red flags.
5) Learn to listen. Con artists and other manipulators will get you talking and let you unload with only the occasional interruption to sympathize and agree with you. This is how they gain your trust. You’re left feeling like you’ve had an actual conversation because people nowadays are raised to be narcissists who see their part of the conversation as the important part. You can use the same technique and spend time simply listening to the ideas and opinions of others. We tend to interrupt others when they pause because we’re uncomfortable with silence so we try to fill in the blank spaces of conversation. Instead when a person pauses nod in agreement and say something like “I never thought of that, go on.” Everyone wants an audience and the best way to get a good sense of a person is to let them tell their story. The worst way to get to know a person is to tell them your story or worse, clue them in on how they can best craft that story to impress you. Think of every conversation with a perspective prepping buddy as a college lecture. You’re there to learn through listening and asking the occasional question.
There are other techniques that you’ll find through experience but the most important thing to remember is that we see people how we want to see them. We project the things we find most appealing about ourselves onto our friends and we imbue people we dislike with what we think are the worst qualities. When we put our trust in the wrong person it is because we didn’t bother to look at them as people but as mirrors reflecting ourselves. Every prepper needs to take a good hard look at the people they surround themselves with before SHTF, because finding out you were wrong about a person afterward will be a disaster.
Rob Taylor blogs at Hunter-Trader-Trapper
I use newsprint for a lot of projects around the house. We get two sets of advertisements and local news once a week and it adds up to a lot of paper. Over the summer I use this paper to start fires but here are three things I do with it in the other seasons.
1.) Shred: I save my flyers for about a month and then spend an hour shredding them (by hand). I keep my shreds in a tupper bin until the summer time when I make them into paper bricks for the fire. I got my paper brick maker from Lehmans (www.lehmans.com) . This is an easy and free way to have heat and cooking material.
2.) Spread: Once spring comes and I re-dig my garden beds, I spread newsprint on the bottom. This keeps the weeds to a minimum by suffocating them. By the time the papers disintegrate, the weeds have been killed. I usually do a layer about 3 sheets of newsprint thick.
3.)Seed: I use newsprint to make little pots for starting my seeds. There are little gadgets you can get to help you do this but I personally just do it by hand, making a circle about the size of half a toilet paper roll. They stand up fairly easy in my mini greenhouse and the roots have no trouble pushing their way through the wet paper. You can take the whole pot and put it in the ground as is.
(originally posted at www.preppergal11.wordpress.com)